Home Zoological Garden
Calendar of breeder of canaries
He was our splendid of long standing singer, he made pleasant us life,
his singing, he called KUBUS (little Jacob) and he was 13 years old , he did not wait
next spring, he went away in December it 2001 r. Lacks us this dick's small treat it will stay in our memory for ever. I will try to pass on a bit information gathered in draught these several summers of care over Kubus.
Canaries belong to large family Fringillidae which peoples the almost whole Europe, part of Africa and Asia. Canaries (Serinus canaria), that is canary wild boars, lives on Canary Island and Madeira.
Mainly extensive, shaggy meadows are his natural habitat, it borders forests, parks and orchards. The wild canary nests in vicinity of human seats, singing by nine months in year willingly. It it was it been possible was to meet him also in mountainous neighbourhoods, on banks of forests, in gardens and vineyards. In breeding time canaries live peers, and they gather with fall after 30 to 60 arts. Nest possesses from February till July. In convenient climatical conditions canaries lead out in this tense three hatches.
Nest builds female very thoroughly.It is placed in fork branch of thick the tree or shrub's corolla always, on height about 3 m. Ovum which can be 3 female to 5 they, sit on alternatively both parents by 14 days, with night sits in nest always. They are wild canary's food matur and on herbage's half matur semens, weeds and shrubs as well as plants' and young shoots fruit. In cycle of hatches the canaries eat insects and their larvae's large quantities. Young canaries after 14 days leave nest, and they get after 21 days of independence life. They growed wild canary size it has about 13 cm.
Head is green with brown tint. From dewlap it towards breast green colour crosses gradually in yellow. Yellow colour shines through on aves' cheeks also. Belly and subcaudal feathers covering are green. Grey-brown belts on sides of body step out, which they with males are more clear. Backs have from longitudinal grey belts dark green colour. Flight-feathers and rectrices are from grey-white with brown-saphire edges. Colouration female is less intensive than male. Tame wild canary started in year 1496 when they taken along Spaniard Canary Island. Loud and melodious bird's singing, not heard by newly never before newcomer, he turned and in short tense their attention it was convinced that pinnated singer gives oneself with easiness to tame and to adapt to life in home conditions.
The ability of learning was uncovered at him the heard speech sounds also. In measure of development of civilization and she growed up the applying in farming of canaries of more more and more tip-top cages bred aves' number in artificial conditions and singing differently than wild canaries. Transmutation in singing and appearance external they followed aves slowly, really first canary in 1600 year was bred about yellow colouration. He found more and more lovers and after sure tense not only folks well-off, but and poor they started before interesting. It was begun also applying the various criterions of selection the parents of aim of obtainment of offspring about desirable colouration, especially the ""szeków"" about yellow colour from black or yellow from grey green. It is possible generally to affirm, that lids XV then cycle, in which canaries were open and broughts to Spain.
They in XVI lid reached to Italian where they found many adorers and where from grey - yellowly green aves - were got yellow. Canaries reached to Germanys then, first to Tirol, and later to Harz Mountain. German breeders tied to singing large evener aves and this just feature they perfected. In the same more or less tense canaries spread in Flanders and in England. Considerable development of the canaries' farming in second half XVIII age happened in Western Europe. It in Holland was got in result of the canary's mutation about colouration cinnamon, named from name of the breeder's daughter the Izabela. White canaries in Germanys appeared,
got thanks to mutation also. Englishmen as a result of persons' suitable selection began
more and more larger canaries' farming about different than at ancestors posture and feathers.
They under end XIX lid had already canaries about colouration lizard, slender, hunchbacked as well as giants had measured since 18 to 21 cm. The Dutchmen, Belgians and Frenchmen got the thanks the suitable breeding the breeding aves the canaries about new arrangement of feathers the covering and shape of body. It canaries about straight lines, high legs, slender figure to experiments were chosen was and long external feathers which had tendency to winding up. It with persons these was bred Parisian trumpeter's called the most beautiful canary also Parisian curly canary.
In last century it came into being a dozen or so curly canaries' varieties about different form
hairstyles and figures. With certainty rise yet these aves' many new varieties, because
individual breeders and association of many countries place me for aim receiving more and more
more interesting canaries. Almost every canaries' world exhibition, exotic aves and bastards
it confirms that huge changes dropped in aves' figures, their colouration and arrangement of feathers. It makes continually new experiences with canaries singers also.
if with canaries shapely and colored singing is minor matter, because more important their features are external, tip-top singing about so many with singers' canaries of principle feature is suitably, shaped and estimated on competitions according to co-ordinated systems. Question hears often, or shapely canaries and colored be able to to sing, what is their singing and or it at all was can please. Namely all canaries' varieties are good singers, the most beautifully however aves sing sorted and associated especially under angle this feature
Singing canaries - Shapely canaries - Colourful canaries
Canary from Harz
It is this one from bests' singers from whole bird's group, at what shaped his
singing at prominent help of man. Canaries from Harz be calls sometimes "noble" at us. Name this came into being in front of many years. Singing of canary different harzen oneself from singing of different canaries, it is not so light, impression inflicts very melodious.
Canary from Flanders (waterflow)
It grows canary of this in Flanders countries from 150 years. Number of him of lovers constantly it grows, beyond Belgium and he spreaded Holland also in Italys, France and United States. Canary from Flanders is somewhat larger from Harzencanary. Colouration of his feathers is mostly yellow,admissible are yet light admixture of different colour, crossing of birds indicate, it influences negatively onto singing.
Canary Spanish timbrador
Change this Harzen with wild canary came into being probably from crossing of canary. It is size and posture similar to wild canary. Him figure is conical, sides are beautifully rounded. Head is small and round, conical beak, short and suitable to shape of head. Colouration of Spanish canary can be very different, but without red colour.
Canary American singer
This stock well-known babe is totality of breeders, but it it was been known already, that bird this has be to characterize by everybody positive guilds of different races. It creates itself canary about proper at present arrangement of feathers, suitable posture, best singing and different changes of colouration.
Shapely canaries, crest and different
It is then the very popular canary on British islands as well as at states of western Europa. Over 100 years it grows him according to settled standard. Main feature of border is over word the calm mode of life. They get used to their guardians and new surroundings quickly. It for novice breeders is then outright ideal canary. Bird's size comes to 14 cm.
Crested and Crestbred
This ist in principle the same stock, but canaries these differ on head with arrangement of feathers. Crested has on head the most the most beautiful and the largest lace. Canary smoothly head of the same race be called by English breeders Crestbred. Both birds' size is identical - minimum 16 cm. Way the building of body, remaining feathers, being and they are singing equal also.
Canary be called lizzards also, with regard on colouration some feathers covering clear fat spots on which are. It it was not established was exactly where and when this canary's variety came into being. In XVII age Lizard he be well-known in France and in England. His appearance owes English breeders. The size of body carries out 13 - 14 cm. Characteristic feature lizards is being on top of head the round stain of basic colour of feathers aves.
it shaped English canaries were was to the best belong. It the Norwichs was bred was about colouration intensely yellow once, the selection however she after sure time caused the decreases in the birds' feathers and not profitable changes of their figure. Beautiful colouration with canary feathers was always very important, it in England was begun so to dye on in red Norwichs adding to fodder feathering birds including red dye roots.
Bird this comes from in straight line of line from Harz canary , first specimens it was got about 1670 year. Pretty, varied inherited after ancestors singing to advantages this beautiful bird belonged. Germans koroniak grows in all possible variants colourations at present, it ranks it to shapely canaries and puts out on competitions.
It this shapely canary's miniature stock. She came into being in result of crossing different races canaries, to which they belonged Crested, Norwich, Border as well as Harz canary. Name it come from name of city Gloucestershire, in which in summers twentieth previous century birds of this race after once first were on the display on competition. Gloster steps out in two changes. One then birds from lace, second then birds smothly head, called Gloster Consort, bird this possesses mercy and wide head. Lace meanwhile it has it has to be ideally round.
Belgian hump - back
This stock be well-known and bred from over 200 years. Disseminated is especially in Flemish countries. This is this shapely canary's the most valuable advantage, if on recommendation rises suitable pose in which his neck be extended horizontally, back and shoulders create hump, and like a stilts legs be put and shifted to front. It in bird's figure marks clear angle. They bird longer be able to persevere in this position, he the higher be estimated. Size 16 - 17 cm.
Bird this in Germany has be bred for 1870 year. Primitive shape was combination elements of the Parisian trumpeter's figure, curly canary and Belgian hump - back.
Italian hump - back
This ist more delicacy from all canaries, there are stingy feathers, a lot of warmths need and not be keeping in temperature below 20 degrees maybe.
The it this curly canary about three of the principle hairstyles, somewhat smaller from Parisian trumpeter.
Canaris this was bred before hundred years with Belgian hump - back and Parisian trumpeter's connection. The similarity of external features is proof of this origin.
Called also Parisian canary with coiffure, he was bred over two hundred years ago and one should to
the oldest shapely canaries. Arrangement of his feathers can testify about tendencies
artistic in those times. His name canary owes characteristic singing,
on which, trills as well as sounds reminding different flutes consist sound trumpets. Size
19 cm crosses bird, of this stock adolescent to 23 cm canaries according to some sources exist.
Curly from Milan
Most shapely canaries' changes and colourful it had its part in establishing his present shape, feathers and colour. Canaries from Milan can be different colour, it does not step out among them tylko green. Colouration in every should be uniform different colour.
Scottish hump - back
Glasgow is in Scotland this shapely canary's native city, where before 150 years after once he first was had put out to competition. On they forms bird they had influence probably two different canaries' stock, namely Belgian hump - back and Dutch curly. Scottish hump -back's size 17 cm crosses.
This the most popular shapely canary, beautiful bird about splendid and slender in 1870 year bred in English county Yorkshire. Breeders' primitive foundation English obtainment bird about very slender body was, which's width would carry out about 2,5 cm and length 17 cm. Selection in this direction brought to obtainment about misshapen figure birds, they which could not compete from bred earlier and well already well-known giant Lancashire. It really when different direction of selection was peeled was he outdistanced all different shapely canaries bred in England.
Canary giant, one from the largest, the length of body carries out 19 -21 cm. Stock this came into being before 200 years. After sure time, on result of interest oneself the English breeders different, newly formed canaries' races, giant stood popular little and total extermination threatened him. For 1959 year it has conducted oneself however intensive reconstruction of this the large birds' old stock and how they pass it professional English sources, all is on how the best road towards this towards this, to canary this was the solid decoration of exhibitions.
Japanese hump - back
The well-known in wide circles of the canaries' breeders on whole world really from recent.
Stock this was shaped about 50 years ago and quickly she gained many lovers. Hoso is
shapely canary about well strenghtens hereditary features, passed on offspring well.
To establish what shapely canaries' races hard today they took part in creating this canary.
This Scottish and Belgian hump - back as well as canary from Monich were presumably shapely. Hoso
my guilds of every of them. It is good singer, it is also unusually fertile. Japanese in masses
these canaries breed, what year many, many thousand pieces hit on market of United States.
the changes of standard colouration of wild canary three hundred years made ago in direction four basic at present colours - yellow, white, grey-green and cinnamon.
The new conditions of existence favoured changes this, what home farming created, without threats from side plunderer. Breeders still not satisfaction got colours. Canary was crossed with bird different species. Many crosswords in more far draught make with of the all sorts and kinds birds from line passerine it and the being not suitable to reproduction with reason of infertility bastards were got was almost always.
On beginning of twentieth the last century (different sources pass 1939 - 1944 ) Dams and Martens they from Koenigsberg executed first successful canary's crossword with siskin red, called also siskin little capuchin (Spinus cucullatus) come from South America.
Colourful canary has in comparison with Harzen canary poor singing somewhat. For canaries' breeders colourful this is not however important. They are careful that the beauty of colours ( it is them about two hundred today) it rewards them in singing lacks. Despite then colourful canaries are purchasers singers. Singing their is strongly varied.
As sources pass with canaries grey-green colourful mutation appeared with end XVI and beginning XVII age. Sorted individuals' crossbreedings with these mutants in result were received in next generations canaries about colouration yellow, white, and called isabelle (light-yellow). It crossbreedings further individual persons between, the different combinations of feathers were received was colourful birds.
green canary they are the most approximate their colouration to birds from Canary islands. They are stronger and more fertile from different canary's colourful changes and better, according to experts' opinion they sing. When we crossbreeds with canaries green canary different colours, we get improvement received from this hibridization of offspring the vitality and wholesomeness. Crossbreeding e.g. with green canary we yellow canaries about paler colouration, receive persons in more more intensive, light-yellow colour and green persons.
yellow canary in different tints, canaries yellow from green or brownish - grey stains ( so called by breeders "szeki") they appear in offspring of yellow canary's hybrid from yellow.
white canary they happen German change or English. First characterize it was occurrence on flight-feathers weak yellow tinge and bend wings. Associated between
German white canaries let in next generation part and part yellow white individuals always.
canary isabelle , it steps out in two changes. Dyes in feathers step out; yellow and brown (black lack). Dark change (cinnamon) as well as bright change (straw) it can to be crossbreed with all canaries' colourful changes, and we in result these hibridization will receive persons at which isabelle with rule the dorsal side of body and wing are almost, and abdominal side bodies and above tail are for used to this crossbreeding change proper colour.
red canary how we can breed in result hibridization all changes which with him, it rises his solid colour really after passage first and second feathering. To avoid
incorrect colour of feathers or their falling out in time of feathering or between feathering, the red canaries it or their hybrids were one should was well feed passing a lot of the grated carrot, spinach, medical dandelion, and so including a lot of carotene additions.
canary line 1 - lipochrome
canary line 2 - black
canary line 3 - agate
canary line 4 - brown
canary line 5 - isabelle
Bastards, that is hybrids
It writes about bastards I have on thought depending on crossbreeding
birds', variously looking, different species ale belonging to ziarnojadów. It canary wild boars (Serinus canaria canaria), which lives Canary Islands, and our canary bred by man so as, it was one should was to kind Serinus, family Fringillidae from line
passerine (Pusseriformes), the most numerous in group birds (Aves), which it count about 6000 species. It to family Fringillidae which divides on many kinds crossbreeding with canary's female goldfinch was one should was between different often also (Carduelis carduelis). We crossbreeding the so canary from ear-ring tell about hybrid two species in grounds of kind. Hybridize meanwhile we tell on example canary with goldfinch about hybrid two species in grounds of family, ale between two kinds. Let's remember, that the canary of links oneself the most often with different related birds e.g. finch. However the crossing between the canaries depends on association the of different stocks or individuals differing with only change representatives, and so the building or the colour of feathers.
In natural conditions, and so it at large almost never comes to association of belonging to different species birds. It their mode was been life and behaviour as even near close kinship different, moreover sufficient partners' number, females and males of the species usually is atone's disposal. It in captivity with regard on partner's lack comes enough to association of two the birds' different species with me often. If we keep in one aviary the canary's female on example with the lassie's male, has not goldfinch, greenfinch or siskin and no of them opportunity of the partner's choice, it can the accesses to covering then and the education young from such hybrid. These young are hybrids (bastards) canary with bird savagely living. Hybrids are in large part infertile. Canary's females to crossbreeding were used so called elementthen it means such which had not with canary offspring.